The idea of social equity through defending workers’ rights labor has been an obsolete issue. Fairness and equality of each worker was the utmost intention of this struggle, thus the labor unions were created to facilitate workers’ development in the workplace.
Labor union is the mechanism in which the problems, sentiments and conflicts among the workers and between the employers are channeled. The organization is tasked to arbitrate between workers and employees. The relevance of the organization to the common individual especially low income workers or minimum earners is that the execution of its basic functions can either affect them negatively or positively. But based on the study of Devarajen et al. (1997), the present socio-economic condition of the third world countries in terms of level of unionization has actually been declining.
As stated by Teodosio (1990), labor unionization in the Philippines is also declining and the Labor Management Council (LMC’s) is increasing which means that workers have lesser opportunities for making decisions. He noted that the emergence of flexible labor arrangements further reduces workers’ security which happens at almost every decline in labor growth. He also added that in this globalization period, the situation seems to have created an environment that is more conducive for capitalists.
It was also found out that among the six labor standards, equal remuneration and freedom from discrimination in employment and occupation were highly complied with, while freedom of association and protection of the right to organize were least complied ( Edralin, 1999).